G5 The Epic Solar Storm of 10th May 2024 – Photos and Time Lapse

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The image reveals the solar chromosphere captured in a special day which made history here on Earth with the most severe geomagnetic storm of the last 20 years taking place, spreading aurora borealis also known as northern lights almost all over the world. Captured on the 10th of May 2024, from Dark Sky® Alqueva territory, in Portugal, the higher-resolution image and time lapse sequence shows the chromosphere in motion featuring not only a gigantic prominence on the solar limb, but as well as the the giant sunspot AR3664 which was incredibly active releasing several eruptions, flares and CME’s in that same day. The video shows one of these minor eruptions just a few hours before arriving the G5 Kp9 storm which sparkled a northern lights display as seen from my location in Dark Sky® Alqueva, Portugal, at 38º latitude. The show was impressive, I could even see it with my naked eye around 23h15 and late in the night around 4h15, specially the vertical fast moving bands. I saw more Aurora Borealis than when I visited Iceland for the first time. I was expecting something more subtle in reddish hues, but it was full of colors and sometimes going very high almost reaching the Zenith. It was an unforgettable day, I couldn’t imagine that during the morning of May 10th I would be live capturing images from my terrace of the Solar Active Region AR3664 where the charged particles of the solar wind were released. But most specially, without knowing that in the same night and just a few hours apart, I would be collecting photons with my DSLR camera, witnessing the arrival of the charged particle from a cannibal CME released in the days before. As result of the excited atoms in the upper atmosphere, we get a colorful display of the northern lights above our observatory and wonderful lake of Dark Sky® Alqueva region, in Portugal. I felt so fortunate for this moment in history! The final result is a 4K high resolution solar movie comprising around 2h of photos with 349 images.

PT: A imagem revela a cromosfera solar captada em um dia especial e que fez história aqui na Terra, com a ocorrência da maior tempestade geomagnética severa dos últimos 20 anos, espalhando a auroras boreais, por quase todo o mundo. Captada no dia 10 de maio de 2024, na região do Dark Sky® Alqueva, em Portugal, a imagem de alta resolução e sequência time lapse mostram a cromosfera em movimento apresentando não apenas uma proeminência gigantesca no limbo solar, mas também o enorme mancha solar AR3664 que estava incrivelmente activa, libertando várias erupções, flares e CME’s (ejecções de massa coronal) no mesmo dia. O vídeo mostra uma dessas erupções menores poucas horas antes da chegada da tempestade extrema de intensidade G5 Kp9, que gerou uma exibição das auroras boreais, vistas a partir da minha localização no Dark Sky® Alqueva, Portugal, a 38º de latitude. O espectáculo foi impressionante, pude até vê-las subtilmente a olho nu por volta das 23h15 e no final da noite por volta das 4h15, principalmente as faixas verticais de movimento rápido. Curiosamente vi mais auroras boreais do que quando visitei a Islândia pela primeira vez em 2019. Esperava algo mais subtil e em tons avermelhados, mas estavam repletas de cores variadas e por vezes subiam bem alto quase chegando ao zénite. Foi um dia inesquecível, não imaginava que durante a manhã do dia 10 de Maio estaria ao vivo captando imagens do sol da região solar activa AR3664 onde foram liberadas as partículas carregadas do vento solar. Mas especialmente, sem imaginar que na mesma noite e com apenas algumas horas de intervalo, eu estaria colectando fotões com a minha câmara DSLR, testemunhando a chegada das partículas carregadas do vento solar, proveninentes de uma CME canibal disparada dias antes. O resultado dos átomos excitados na alta atmosfera traduziu-se numa exibição colorida das auroras boreais acima do nosso observatório e maravilhoso lago Alqueva, na região do Dark Sky® Alqueva, em Portugal. Sinto-me abençoado por esse momento! Assim foi possível produzir um time lapse de cerca de 349 imagens. O resultado final é um filme solar de alta resolução 4K com cerca de 2h de fotos.

Below is possible to watch the video time lapse sequence compiling 349 shots processed, each one as result of a stack of the best 200 frames from each raw video. The final result is a 4K high resolution time lapse movie comprising around 2h of images.

PT: Em baixo é possível ver o vídeo time lapse compilando 349 captações processadas, cada uma como resultado de um stack dos melhores 200 frames de cada vídeo raw. O resultado final é um filme time lapse de alta resolução de 4K que condensa cerca de 2h de imagens.

Technical details | Detalhes Técnicos

SW Esprit 120ED Professional | EQ-6 Pro mount | Daystar Quark Prominence filter| Player One Apollo-M Max |Focuser Sesto Senso 2 | Stack of 200 frames for each single image, captured in average seeing conditions between UT11h29 and UT13h24 on the 10th of May 2024, from Dark Sky® Alqueva territory, Portugal.

Important Note | Nota Importante:  Never look and point a telescope or any other optical equipment directly to the sun without a proper and specialized safty filters! It can blind you forever.  PT: Nota Importante –  Nunca aponte um telescópio ou qualquer equipamento óptico directamente para o sol e observe através dele sem filtros especializados e seguros. Causará cegueira irreversível!



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